This method provides students with a tool to develop their arguments
and opinions. It helps them clarify their thoughts and articulate and
present their opinions clearly and concisely. The P.R.E.S. method
provides a useful format for conducting controversial issue discussions
and public policy lessons.
- Post or provide a handout with the four steps in the P.R.E.S. method.
- (P) State your point of view
- (R) Give one reason for your point of view
- (E) Give an example to clarify your reason
- (S) Summarize your point of view
- Clarify the steps and answer any questions. Give an example of each step. An example of the formula is:
- (P) I am opposed to people smoking inside.
- (R) Smoking is unhealthy for the smoker as well as the non-smokers in the room.
- (E) Research has showed that second-hand smoke causes cancer.
- (S) I am opposed to people smoking inside because of the negative health impact on non-smokers.
- Ask volunteers to practice the P.R.E.S. method on an issue of their choosing. If necessary, further clarify the process/method.
- Introduce the discussion topic that is the focus of the lesson.