Tyson Timbs and a 2012 Land Rover LR2 v. State of Indiana was argued on November 28, 2018 and decided on February 20, 2019.
Timbs v. Indiana is a case about excessive fines and selective incorporation. When Tyson Timbs pled guilty to selling just under $400 of heroin, his Land Rover (which cost $42,000) was seized using a process called civil asset forfeiture. Timbs appealed his case arguing that the seizure of his Land Rover amounted to an excessive fine in violation of the Eighth Amendment because the SUV was worth more than four times the maximum fine for his crimes. He won his appeals in the lower courts. However, the Indiana Supreme Court reversed the appeals court decision stating there was no precedent in which the Supreme Court incorporated the Excessive Fines Clause. Over the past 150 years, the Supreme Court has ruled in many cases incorporating almost all of the Bill of Rights, but not the Excessive Fines Clause. The state also argued that civil forfeitures are distinctly different from "fines" so, therefore, are not subject to the Eighth Amendment.
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