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Landmark Cases of the U.S. Supreme Court

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Articles of Impeachment Against President Johnson, 1868

The full House of Representatives passed (eleven articles of impeachment. In the Senate, the vote fell short of the 2/3 majority that was required to convict Johnson and remove him from office.)

RESOLVED, That Andrew Johnson, President of the United States. . . .

Article One: . . . did unconstitutionally [without the advice and consent of the Senate, as required in the 1867 Tenure of Office Act] issue an order removing Secretary Edwin M. Stanton from his position as the head of the Department of War. . . .

Article Four: . . . did unlawfully attempt to intimidate the Secretary for the Department of War [to cause his resignation from the post]. . . .

Articles Five, Six and Seven: . . . did unlawfully conspire with another government official to prevent the execution of the Tenure of Office Act and An Act to Define and Punish Certain Conspirators. . . .

Article Ten: . . . did, designing and intending to set aside the rightful authorities of Congress, attempt to bring into ridicule, disgrace, hatred, and contempt the United States Congress...by saying things such as..."We have seen a Congress in a minority assume to exercise power which, if allowed to be consummated, would result in despotism or monarchy itself. . . . "

Article Eleven: . . . did, in disregard to the Constitution, declare in a public speech that the Thirty-Ninth Congress of the United States was not a valid Congress for all of the people in the United States . . . thereby denying its power. . . .

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