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Landmark Cases of the U.S. Supreme Court

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What Would You Do? Before and After Analysis (•/••)

Directions
Part 1
  1. Work with one or two partners.
  2. Read about the following situation:
    • You live in the country of Greatland.  A war is taking place on other continents.  A country called Blue Empire started the war by invading nearby countries.  Blue Empire forms an alliance with Janus, which is trying to take over other countries on yet another continent.
    • Your country and your whole continent are not actively involved yet.  However, you are concerned and watching the situation.  Then, Janus attacks a territory that belongs to your country.  The territory is thousands of miles off the mainland. 
    • People who have family ties to Blue Empire and Janus live on the mainland and territories of Greatland.  Some of those people were born in this country and are citizens of Greatland.  Others traveled here and are now living here legally.
  3. Pretend you are one or more of the leaders listed below.  Think about what concerns you might have and how you would respond.  Record your replies in the before column. How might the perspective and response be different for each of the people in the chart? 
 

Before

  • What would be your concerns? 
  • What would you do? 
  • How would you respond? 

After

Complete this after your teacher gives you a new page to read.

  • What would be your concerns? 
  • What would you do? 
  • How would you respond? 

Top Military Advisor to the President

   

President of Greatland

   

Lawmaker in Greatland

   

Citizen of Greatland who was born in Janus

   

Judge in the Top Court of Greatland

   
Part 2

Now, read the facts of the case of Korematsu v. U.S.   Read them carefully. 

  1. After the reading, assume the facts of the scenario on the previous page describe the alliance between Germany (Blue Empire) and Japan (Janus) during  World War II and the attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii (Greatland).  With your partner, go back to the chart and answer the questions again in the after column.
  2. Consider these questions with your partner or in a discussion with the whole class.
    • Were your responses similar in both columns?  Why or why not?
    • What rights do you think are involved in this case? 
    • The U. S. Constitution says the president is the Commander in Chief of the Military, but he does not run the military on a day-to-day basis. The president is also sworn to uphold the Constitution, which includes protecting individual rights.  Which role is more important?  Why? 
    • When people think the military or the president has acted improperly and violated the Constitution, what can they do? 
    • How is our government set up to keep the president from having too much power?   
    • What do you think is the most important idea from this case? 
< Korematsu v. United States